Duke's Castle in Hann. Münden - residence and administrative seat of the GuelphsThe Guelph Castle in Hann. Münden was completed in 1501 by Duke Erich I of Lüneburg-Braunschweig as a Gothic building and from then on served as the residence and administrative seat of the Guelphs. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen spent a large part of her life in the Guelph castle in Münden. In 1560 it was almost completely destroyed by fire and rebuilt by Duke Erich II in the style of the early Weser Renaissance.
Today's Guelph Palace is the impressive remnant of earlier residences, which lost its unique splendour with the death of Erich II and from then on was only the occasional residence of the sovereign. In 1849, a fire destroyed the south wing of the castle, which was not rebuilt.
Visit unique Renaissance chambersOriginally preserved in the Welfenschloss Hann. Münden today are two Renaissance chambers with wall paintings covering the entire area. They can only be seen in this form in Hann. Münden and not anywhere else in Germany. The chambers in the castle can be visited on a guided tour.
Today's use of the Guelph castleToday, in addition to the municipal archives, the municipal library and the local court, the castle also houses the municipal museum, which celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1998. The museum displays exhibits on the city's history and long-distance trade over land and water. Exhibits by the sculptor Gustav Eberlein, who lived in Hann. Münden for many years, can also be admired there. The sculptor remained closely associated with the town throughout his life. Also on display are products from the Münden faience manufactory, including the manufactory's particularly popular and high-quality net vases.
Not all Guelph castles are the sameThe Guelph castle of Hann. Münden is not to be confused with the Guelph castle of Hanover. The latter was built later, from 1857 to 1866, by the architect Christian Heinrich Tramm during the reign of the Kingdom of Hanover under George V. After the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia and the Guelphs were dethroned, the castle stood empty for years until the then Royal Technical University moved in. Today, the former castle is home to the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University of Hanover. It is also surrounded by a landscaped park, the Guelph Garden.